Potential for biofuel production in the Middle East and North Africa
This assessment for the European Investment Bank considered the potential for environmentally sustainable biofuel production in Fund for Euro-Mediterranean Investment Partnership (FEMIP) countries. The study will be used to assess the feasibility of domestic production of biofuels for transport in the short to medium-term considering current technologies, or those that are likely to be available in these countries in the next ten years. The main areas covered in the study include identifying the most promising feedstock crop and analysing the potential for cultivation (notably sugar beet and cane, other first generation feedstock (including potential for non-domesticated crops), as well as potential second generation feedstock) based on agro-climatic constraints. Best practices, both in the public and private sector, are also examined. The report also reviewed and assessed current public policies for the direct and indirect promotion of biofuel, carried out an assessment of current and potential biofuel production and an analysis of potential production costs, including an estimate of the budgetary cost of introducing mandatory biofuel blending targets. An analysis of the potential for intra-FEMIP trade and exports to the EU was undertaken and a review of international trade agreements was carried out. Finally an assessment of the potential socio-economic impacts of feedstock cultivation and biofuel production was produced.
2368 Executive Summary.pdf